miner configuration - Problems with mining Bitcoin (OpenCL ...

I literally have tens of thousands of dollars in top-shelf hardware, looking to repurpose some before selling on eBay to build a NAS system, possibly a dedicated firewall device as well. o_O

Q1) What will you be doing with this PC? Be as specific as possible, and include specific games or programs you will be using.**

A1) This will be a dedicated NAS system for my home network. As such, I'm looking to have it:

- Host ##TB's of 720, 1080 & up resolution Movies and TV Shows I'm about to begin ripping from a MASSIVE DVD & Blueray collection I have.

- My kids are big on Minecraft. I understand it's possible to host your own "worlds" (or whatever they call the maps you can build) on your own "server". I think it would be pretty neat to offer them (& their friends - if can be done 'safely/securely') their own partition on one of my NAS HDD's.

- I also have accounts with a couple diff VPN companies... I understand it's possible (?) to sync said VPN's with a NAS, this might be a more relative topic on the next point/purpose...

- I'd like to be able to remotely link to this NAS for when I travel overseas and want to stream at my temp location from my house/this NAS.
______________________
Q2) What is your maximum budget before rebates/shipping/taxes?**

* A2) Here's where I make matters more complicated than most others would... I've been an advocate for Bitcoin and crypto-currencies in general since 2013. I invested in a small mining outfit back in 2014 (strictly Bitcoin/ASIC's). One of my buddies is the President of a large-scale mining operation (foreign and domestic) and he convinced me to dabble in the GPU mining-space. I made my first hardware purchase in Q4, 2017 and launched a small-scale GPU-Farm in my house since then. I had the rigs mining up until Q3 of 2018 (not cost-efficient to keep on, especially living in SoFlo) and since then, the hardware's been collecting dust (& pissing off my family members since they lost access to 3X rooms in the house - I won't let anyone go near my gear). One of my New Years Resolutions for 2019 was to clear out the house of all my mining equipment so that's all about to go up on eBay. So "budget" is relative to whatever I "MUST" spend if I can't repurpose any of the parts I already have on hand for this build... (Anyone having something I "need" and is looking to barter for one of the items I'll list later on in here, LMK).
______________________
Q3) When do you plan on building/buying the PC? Note: beyond a week or two from today means any build you receive will be out of date when you want to buy.**

A3) IMMEDIATELY! :)
______________________
Q4) What, exactly, do you need included in the budget? (ToweOS/monitokeyboard/mouse/etc\)**

A4) Well I had a half-assed idea approximately 1 year ago that it might be wise to build a bunch of 'gaming rigs' to sell on eBay with my intended repurposed mining hardware so I went on a shopping spree for like 6 months. That said; I've got a plethora of various other components that aren't even unboxed yet. 90% of the items I've purchased for this additional project were items that were marked down via MIR (mail-in-rebates) & what-not...
AFAIK, there are only 3X items I absolutely do not have which I 'MUST' find. Those would be - 1) Motherboard which accepts "ECC RAM". 2) CPU for said MOBO. 3) Said "ECC RAM".\* 
______________________
Q5) Which country (and state/province) will you be purchasing the parts in? If you're in US, do you have access to a Microcenter location?**

A5) I'm located in Southwest Florida. No Microcenter's here. Best Buy is pretty much my only option although I am a member of Newegg, Amazon & Costco if that makes any difference?
______________________
Q6) If reusing any parts (including monitor(s)/keyboard/mouse/etc), what parts will you be reusing? Brands and models are appreciated.**

A6) In an attempt to better clean up this Q&A, I'm going to list the items I have on-hand at the end of this questionnaire in-case passers-by feel like this might be a TLDR.* (Scroll to the bottom & you'll see what I mean).
______________________
Q7) Will you be overclocking? If yes, are you interested in overclocking right away, or down the line? CPU and/or GPU?**

A7) I don't think that's necessary for my intended purpose although - I'm not against it if that helps & FWIW, I'm pretty skilled @ this task already (it's not rocket science).
______________________
Q8) Are there any specific features or items you want/need in the build? (ex: SSD, large amount of storage or a RAID setup, CUDA or OpenCL support, etc)**

A8) As stated in A4; ECC RAM is non-negotiable... RAID seems like a logical application here as well.

- This will predominantly be receiving commands from MacOS computers. I don't think that matters really but figured it couldn't hurt to let you guys know.\*

- I'd also be quite fond of implementing "PFSENSE" (or something of that caliber) applied to this system so I could give my Netgear Nighthawks less stress in that arena, plus my limited understanding of PFSENSE is that it's ability to act as a firewall runs circles around anything that comes with consumer-grade Wi-Fi routers (like my Nighthawks). Just the same, I'm open to building a second rig just for the firewall.\*

- Another desirable feature would be that it draws as little electricity from the wall as possible. (I'm EXTREMELY skilled in this arena. I have "Kill-A-Watts" to test/gauge on, as well as an intimate understanding of the differences between Silver, Gold, Platinum and Titanium rated PSU's. As well as having already measured each of the PSU's I have on-hand and taken note of the 'target TDP draw' ("Peak Power Efficiency Draw") each one offers when primed with X amount of GPU's when I used them for their original purpose.\*

- Last, but not least, sound (as in noise created from the rig). I'd like to prop this device up on my entertainment center in the living room. I've (almost) all of the top-shelf consumer grade products one could dream of regarding fans and other thermal-related artifacts.

- Almost forgot; this will be hosting to devices on the KODI platform (unless you guys have better alternative suggestions?)
______________________
Q9) Do you have any specific case preferences (Size like ITX/microATX/mid-towefull-tower, styles, colors, window or not, LED lighting, etc), or a particular color theme preference for the components?**

A9) Definitely! Desired theme would be WHITE. If that doesn't work for whatever reason, black or gray would suffice. Regarding "Case Size". Nah, that's not too important although I don't foresee a mini-ITX build making sense if I'm going to be cramming double digit amounts of TB in the system, Internal HDD's sounds better than a bunch of externals plugged in all the USB ports.
______________________
Q10) Do you need a copy of Windows included in the budget? If you do need one included, do you have a preference?**

A10) I don't know. If I do need a copy of Windows, I don't have one so that's something I'll have to consider I guess. I doubt that's a necessity though.
______________________
______________________
______________________
**Extra info or particulars:*\*

AND NOW TO THE FUN-STUFF... Here's a list of everything (PARTS PARTS PARTS) I have on-hand and ready to deploy into the wild &/or negotiate a trade/barter with:

CASES -
Corsair Carbide Series Air 540 Arctic White (Model# Crypto-Currency-9011048-WW) - (Probably my top pick for this build).
Cooler Master HAF XB EVO (This is probably my top 1st or 2nd pick for this build, the thing is a monster!).
Cooler Master Elite 130 - Mini ITX - Black
Cooler Master MasterBox 5 MID-Tower - Black & White
Raidmax Sigma-TWS - ATX - White
MasterBox Lite 5 - ATX - Black w/ diff. Colored accent attachments (included with purchase)
NZXT S340 Elite Matte White Steel/Tempered Glass Edition
EVGA DG-76 Alpine White - Mid Tower w/ window
EVGA DG-73 Black - Mid Tower w/ window (I have like 3 of these)

______________________
CPU's -
***7TH GEN OR BELOW INTEL's ("Code Name Class mentioned next to each one)**\*
Pentium G4400 (Skylake @54W TDP) - Intel ARK states is "ECC CAPABLE"
Celeron G3930 (Kaby Lake @ 51W TDP) - Intel ARK states is "ECC CAPABLE" :)
i5 6402P (Skylake @65W TDP) - Intel ARK states is "NOT ECC CAPABLE" :(
i5 6600k (Skylake @ 91W TDP) - Intel ARK states is "NOT ECC CAPABLE" :(
i7 6700 (Skylake @ 65W TDP) - Intel ARK states is "NOT ECC CAPABLE" :(
i7 7700k (Kaby Lake @ 95W TDP) - Intel ARK states is "NOT ECC CAPABLE" :(


***8TH GEN INTEL's **\*
i3-8350K (Coffee Lake @91W TDP) - Intel ARK states is "ECC FRIENDLY" :)
I5-8600K (Coffee Lake @95W TDP) - Intel ARK states is "NOT ECC CAPABLE" :(


***AMD RYZEN's **\*
Ryzen 3 2200G
Ryzen 5 1600
Ryzen 7 1700X

______________________
MOTHERBOARDS -

***7TH GEN AND BELOW INTEL BASED MOBO'S - **\*
MSI Z170A-SLI
ASUS PRIME Z270-A
ASUS PRIME Z270-P
ASUS PRIME Z270-K
EVGA Z270 Stinger
GIGABYTE GA-Z270XP-SLI
MSI B150M ARCTIC
MSI B250M MICRO ATX (PRO OPT. BOOST EDITION)

***8TH GEN INTEL BASED MOBO'S - **\*
EVGA Z370 FTW
GIGABYTE Z370XP SLI (Rev. 1.0)
MSI Z370 SLI PLUS


***AMD RYZEN BASED MOBO'S - **\*
ASUS ROG STRIX B350-F GAMING
MSI B350 TOMAHAWK
MSI X370 GAMING PRO
ASROCK AB350M PRO4
______________________


RAM -

Way too many to list, nothing but 4 & 8GB DDR4 sticks and unfortunately, none are ECC so it's not even worth mentioning/listing these unless someone reading this is willing to barter. At which time I'd be obliged to send an itemized list or see if I have what they're/you're specifically looking for.\*
______________________
THERMAL APPLICATIONS/FANS -
JUST FANS -
BeQuiet -
Pure Wings 2 (80mm)
Pure Wings 2 (120mm)
Pure Wings 2 (140mm)
Silent Wings 3 PWM (120mm)

NOCTUA -
PoopBrown - NF-A20 PWM (200mm) Specifically for the BIG "CoolerMaster HAF XB EVO" Case
GREY - NF-P12 Redux - 1700RPM (120mm) PWM
Corsair -
Air Series AF120LED (120mm)

CPU COOLING SYSTEMS -
NOCTUA -
NT-HH 1.4ml Thermal Compound
NH-D15 6 Heatpipe system (this thing is the tits)

EVGA (Extremely crappy coding in the software here, I'm like 99.99% these will be problematic if I were to try and use in any OS outside of Windows, because they barely ever work in the intended Windows as it is).
CLC 240 (240mm Water-cooled system
CRYORIG -
Cryorig C7 Cu (Low-Profile Copper Edition*)

A few other oversized CPU cooling systems I forget off the top of my head but a CPU cooler is a CPU cooler after comparing to the previous 3 models I mentioned.
I almost exclusively am using these amazing "Innovation Cooling Graphite Thermal Pads" as an alternative to thermal paste for my CPU's. They're not cheap but they literally last forever.

NZXT - Sentry Mesh Fan Controller
______________________
POWER SUPPLIES (PSU's) -
BeQuiet 550W Straight Power 11 (GOLD)

EVGA -
750P2 (750W, Platinum)
850P2 (850W, Platinum)
750T2 (750W, TITANIUM - yeah baby, yeah)

ROSEWILL -
Quark 750W Platinum
Quark 650W Platinum

SEASONIC -
Focus 750W Platinum
______________________
STORAGE -
HGST Ultrastar 3TB - 64mb Cache - 7200RPM Sata III (3.5)
4X Samsung 860 EVO 500GB SSD's
2X Team Group L5 LITE 3D 2.5" SSD's 480GB
2X WD 10TB Essential EXT (I'm cool with shucking)
+ 6X various other external HDD's (from 4-8TB) - (Seagate, WD & G-Drives)
______________________

Other accessories worth mentioning -
PCI-E to 4X USB hub-adapter (I have a dozen or so of these - might not be sufficient enough &/or needed but again, 'worth mentioning' in case I somehow ever run out of SATA & USB ports and have extra external USB HDD's. Although, I'm sure there would be better suited components if I get to that point that probably won't cost all that much).
______________________
______________________
______________________
Needless to say, I have at least 1X of everything mentioned above. In most all cases, I have multiples of these items but obviously won't be needing 2X CPU's, Cases, etc...

Naturally, I have GPU's. Specifically;

At least 1X of every. Single. NVIDIA GTX 1070 TI (Yes, I have every variation of the 1070 ti made by MSI, EVGA and Zotac. The only brand I don't have is the Gigabyte line. My partners have terrible experience with those so I didn't even bother. I'm clearly not going to be needing a GPU for this build but again, I'm cool with discussing the idea of a barter if anyone reading this is in the market for one.

I also have some GTX 1080 TI's but those are already spoken for, sorry.

It's my understanding that select CPU's I have on this list are ECC Friendly and AFAIK, only 1 of my MOBO's claims to be ECC Friendly (The ASROCK AB350M PRO4), but for the life of me, I can't find any corresponding forums that confirm this and/or direct me to a listing where I can buy compatible RAM. Just the same, if I go w/ the ASROCK MOBO, that means I'd be using one of the Ryzens. Those are DEF. power hungry little buggers. Not a deal-breaker, just hoping to find something a little more conservative in terms of TDP.


In closing, I don't really need someone to hold my hand with the build part as much as figuring out which motherboard, CPU and RAM to get. Then I'm DEFINITELY going to need some guidance on what OS is best for my desired purpose. If building 2X Rigs makes sense, I'm totally open to that as well...
Rig 1 = EPIC NAS SYSTEM
Rig 2 = EPIC PFSENSE (or the like) DEDICATED FIREWALL

Oh, I almost forgot... The current routers I'm using are...
1X Netgear Nighthawk 6900P (Modem + Router)
1X Netgear Nighthawk X6S (AC 4000 I believe - Router dedicated towards my personal devices - no IoT &/or Guests allowed on this one)
1X TP-Link Archer C5 (Router). Total overkill after implementing the Nighthawks but this old beast somehow has the best range, plus it has 2X USB ports so for now, it's dedicated towards my IoT devices.
---- I also have a few other Wi-Fi routers (Apple Airport Extreme & some inferior Netgear's but I can only allocate so many WiFi Routers to so many WiFi channels w/out pissing off my neighbors) On that note, I have managed to convince my neighbors to let me in their house/WiFi configuration so we all have our hardware locked on specific, non-competing frequencies/channels so everyone's happy. :)


Please spare me the insults as I insulted myself throughout this entire venture. Part of why I did this was because when I was a kid, I used to fantasize about building a 'DREAM PC' but could never afford such. To compensate for this deficiency, I would actually print out the latest and greatest hardware components on a word document, print the lists up & tape to wall (for motivation). I was C++ certified at the age of 14 and built my first PC when I was 7. At the age of 15 I abandoned all hope in the sector and moved on to other aspirations. This entire ordeal was largely based off me finally fulfilling a childhood fantasy. On that note = mission accomplished. Now if I'm actually able to fulfill my desires on this post, I'm definitely going to feel less shitty about blowing so much money on all this stuff over the last couple years.

TIA for assisting in any way possible. Gotta love the internets!


THE END.
:)

EDIT/UPDATE (5 hours after OP) - My inbox is being inundated with various people asking for prices and other reasonable questions about my hardware being up for sale. Not to be redundant but rather to expound on my previous remarks about 'being interested in a bartetrade' with any of you here...

I did say I was going to sell my gear on eBay in the near future, I also said I wanted to trade/barter for anything relative to helping me accomplish my OP's mission(s). I'm not desperate for the $$$ but I'm also not one of those people that likes to rip other people off. That said; I value my time and money invested in this hardware and I'm only willing to unload it all once I've established I have ZERO need for any of it here in my home first. Hence my writing this lengthy thread in an attempt to repurpose at least a grand or two I've already spent.

One of the most commonly asked questions I anticipate receiving from interested bodies is going to be "How hard were you on your hardware?" Contrary to what anyone else would have probably done in my scenario which is say they were light on it whether they were or weren't, I documented my handling of the hardware, and have no problem sharing such documentation with verified, interested buyers (WHEN THE TIME COMES) to offer you guys peace of mind.

I have photo's and video's of the venture from A-Z. I am also obliged to provide (redacted) electricity bill statements where you can correlate my photo's (power draw on each rig), and also accurately deduct the excess power my house consumed with our other household appliances. Even taking into consideration how much (more) I spent in electricity from keeping my house at a constant, cool 70-72F year-round (via my Nest thermostat). Even without the rigs, I keep my AC @ 70 when I'm home and for the last 1.5-2 years, I just so happened to spend 85% of my time here at my house. When I would travel, I'd keep it at 72 for my wife & kids.
Additionally; I had each GPU 'custom' oveunderclocke'd (MSI Afterburner for all GPU's but the EVGA's).*
I doubt everyone reading this is aware so this is for those that don't.... EVGA had the brilliant idea of implementing what they call "ICX technology" in their latest NVIDIA GTX GPU's. The short(est) explanation of this "feature" goes as follows:

EVGA GPU's w/ "ICX 9 & above" have EXTRA HEAT/THERMAL SENSORS. Unlike every other GTX 1070 ti on the market, the one's with this feature actually have each of 2/2 on-board fans connected to individual thermal sensors. Which means - if you were to use the MSI Afterburner program on one of these EVGA's and create a custom fan curve for it, you'd only be able to get 1/2 of the fans to function the way intended. The other fan simply would not engage as the MSI Afterburner software wasn't designed/coded to recognize/ communicate with an added sensor (let alone sensor'S). This, in-turn, would likely result in whoever's using it the unintended way having a GPU defect on them within the first few months I'd imagine... Perhaps if they had the TDP power settings dumbed down as much as I did (60-63%), they might get a year or two out of it since it wouldn't run as near as hot, but I doubt any longer than that since cutting off 50% of the cooling system on one of these can't be ignored too long, surely capacitors would start to blow and who knows what else...
(Warning = RANT) Another interesting side-note about the EVGA's and their "Precision-X" OveUnderclocking software is that it's designed to only recognize 4X GPU's on a single system. For miners, that's just not cool. My favorite builds had 8X and for the motherboards that weren't capable of maintaining stable sessions on 8, I set up with 6X. Only my EVGA Rigs had 3 or 4X GPU's dedicated to a single motherboard. Furthermore, and as stated in an earlier paragraph, (& this is just my opinion) = EVGA SOFTWARE SUCKS! Precision X wasn't friendly with every motherboard/CPU I threw at it and their extension software for the CLC Close-Loop-Cooling/ CPU water-coolers simply didn't work on anything, even integrating into their own Precision-X software. The amount of time it took me to finally find compatible matches with that stuff was beyond maddening. (END RANT).
Which leads me to my other comments on the matter. That's what I had every single 1070 ti set at for TDP = 60-63%. Dropping the power load that much allowed me to bring down (on average) each 1070 ti to a constant 110-115W (mind you, this is only possible w/ "Titanium" rated PSU's, Platinum comes pretty damn close to the Titanium though) while mining Ethereum and was still able to maintain a bottom of 30 MH/s and a ceiling of 32 MH/s. Increasing the TDP to 80, 90, 100% or more only increased my hashrates (yields) negligibly, like 35-36 MH/s TOPS, which also meant each one was not only pulling 160-180W+ (Vs. the aforementioned 115'ish range), it also meant my rigs were creating a significantly greater amount of heat! Fortunately for the GPU's and my own personal habits, I live in South Florida where it's hot as balls typically, last winter was nothing like this one. Increasing my yields by 10-15% didn't justify increasing the heat production in my house by >30%, nor the added electricity costs from subjecting my AC handlers to that much of an extra work-load. For anyone reading this that doesn't know/understand what I'm talking about - after spending no less than 2-3 hours with each. and. every. one. I didn't play with the settings on just one and universally apply the settings to the rest. I found the 'prime' settings and documented them with a label-maker and notepad. Here's the math in a more transparent manner:

*** I NEVER LET MY GPU's BREACH 61C, EVER. Only my 8X GPU rigs saw 60-61 & it was the ones I had in the center of the build (naturally). I have REALLY high power fans (used on BTC ASIC MINERS) that were sucking air from those GPU's which was the only way I was able to obtain such stellar results while mining with them. **\*
Mining at "acceptable" heat temps (not acceptable to me, but most of the internet would disagree = 70C) and overclocking accordingly brings in X amount of yields per unit. =
'Tweaking' (underclocking) the GPU's to my parameters reduced my yield per unit from -10-15%, but it SAVED me well over 30-35% in direct electricity consumption, and an unknown amount of passive electricity consumption via creating approximately 20%+ less heat for my AC handler to combat.

I say all this extra stuff not just for anyone interested in mining with their GPU's, but really to answer (in-depth) the apparent questions you people are asking me in PM's. Something else that should help justify my claims of being so conservative should be the fact I only have/used "Platinum and Titanium" rated PSU's. Heat production, power efficiency and longevity of the hardware were ALWAYS my top priority.* . I truly thought Crypto would continue to gain and/or recover and bounce back faster than it did. If this project had maintained positive income for 12 months+, I'd have expanded one of our sites to also cater to GPU mining on a gnarly scale.

Once I have my NAS (& possibly 2nd rig for the firewall) successfully built, I'll be willing/able to entertain selling you guys some/all of the remaining hardware prior to launching on eBay. If there's something you're specifically looking for that I listed having, feel free to PM me with that/those specific item(s). Don't count on an immediate response but what you can count on is me honoring my word in offering whoever asks first right of refusal when the time comes for me to sell this stuff. Fortunately for me, PM's are time-stamped so that's how I'll gauge everyone's place in line. I hope this extra edit answers most of the questions you guys wanted to have answered and if not, sorry I guess. I'll do my best to bring light to anything I've missed out on after I realize whatever that error was/is. The only way anyone is getting first dibs on my hardware otherwise is if they either offer compelling insight into my original questions, or have something I need to trade w/.

THE END (Round#2)


submitted by Im-Ne-wHere to buildapcforme [link] [comments]

Mining ERC-918 Tokens (0xBitcoin)

GENERAL INFORMATION

0xBitcoin (0xBTC) is the first mineable ERC20 token on Ethereum. It uses mining for distribution, unlike all previous ERC20 tokens which were assigned to the contract deployer upon creation. 0xBTC is the first implementation of the EIP918 mineable token standard (https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-918), which opened up the possibility of a whole new class of mineable assets on Ethereum. Without any ICO, airdrop, pre-mine, or founder’s reward, 0xBitcoin is arguably the most decentralized asset in the Ethereum ecosystem, including even Ether (ETH), which had a large ICO.
The goal of 0xBitcoin is to be looked at as a currency and store of value asset on Ethereum. Its 21 million token hard cap and predictable issuance give it scarcity and transparency in terms of monetary policy, both things that Ether lacks. 0xBitcoin has certain advantages over PoW based currencies, such as compatibility with smart contracts and decentralized exchanges. In addition, 0xBTC cannot be 51% attacked (without attacking Ethereum), is immune from the “death spiral”, and will receive the benefits of scaling and other improvements to the Ethereum network.

GETTING 0xBITCOIN TOKENS

0xBitcoin can be mined using typical PC hardware, traded on exchanges (either decentralized or centralized) or purchased from specific sites/contracts.

-Mined using PC hardware

-Traded on exchanges such as


MINING IN A NUTSHELL

0xBitcoin is a Smart Contract on the Ethereum network, and the concept of Token Mining is patterned after Bitcoin's distribution. Rather than solving 'blocks', work is issued by the contract, which also maintains a Difficulty which goes up or down depending on how often a Reward is issued. Miners can put their hardware to work to claim these rewards, in concert with specialized software, working either by themselves or together as a Pool. The total lifetime supply of 0xBitcoin is 21,000,000 tokens and rewards will repeatedly halve over time.
The 0xBitcoin contract was deployed by Infernal_Toast at Ethereum address: 0xb6ed7644c69416d67b522e20bc294a9a9b405b31
0xBitcoin's smart contract, running on the Ethereum network, maintains a changing "Challenge" (that is generated from the previous Ethereum block hash) and an adjusting Difficulty Target. Like traditional mining, the miners use the SoliditySHA3 algorithm to solve for a Nonce value that, when hashed alongside the current Challenge and their Minting Ethereum Address, is less-than-or-equal-to the current Difficulty Target. Once a miner finds a solution that satisfies the requirements, they can submit it into the contract (calling the Mint() function). This is most often done through a mining pool. The Ethereum address that submits a valid solution first is sent the 50 0xBTC Reward.
(In the case of Pools, valid solutions that do not satisfy the full difficulty specified by the 0xBitcoin contract, but that DO satisfy the Pool's specified Minimum Share Difficulty, get a 'share'. When one of the Miners on that Pool finds a "Full" solution, the number of shares each miner's address has submitted is used to calculate how much of the 50 0xBTC reward they will get. After a Reward is issued, the Challenge changes.
A Retarget happens every 1024 rewards. In short, the Contract tries to target an Average Reward Time of about 60 times the Ethereum block time. So (at the time of this writing):
~13.9 seconds \* 60 = 13.9 minutes
If the average Reward Time is longer than that, the difficulty will decrease. If it's shorter, it will increase. How much longer or shorter it was affects the magnitude with which the difficulty will rise/drop, to a maximum of 50%. * Click Here to visit the stats page~ (https://0x1d00ffff.github.io/0xBTC-Stats) to see recent stats and block times, feel free to ask questions about it if you need help understanding it.

MINING HARDWARE

Presently, 0xBitcoin and "Alt Tokens" can be mined on GPUs, CPUs, IGPs (on-CPU graphics) and certain FPGAs. The most recommended hardware is nVidia graphics cards for their efficiency, ubiquity and relatively low cost. As general rules, the more cores and the higher core frequency (clock) you can get, the more Tokens you will earn!
Mining on nVidia cards:
Mining on AMD cards:
Mining on IGPs (e.g. AMD Radeon and Intel HD Graphics):
Clocks and Power Levels:

MINING SOFTWARE AND DESCRIPTIONS

For the most up-to-date version info, download links, thread links and author contact information, please see this thread: https://www.reddit.com/0xbitcoin/comments/8o06dk/links_to_the_newestbest_miners_for_nvidia_amd/ Keep up to date for the latest speed, stability and feature enhancements!
COSMiC Miner by LtTofu:
SoliditySha3Miner by Amano7:
AIOMiner All-In-One GPU Miner:
TokenMiner by MVis (Mining-Visualizer):
"Nabiki"/2.10.4 by Azlehria:
~Older Miners: Older and possibly-unsupported miner versions can be found at the above link for historical purposes and specific applications- including the original NodeJS CPU miner by Infernal Toast/Zegordo, the '1000x' NodeJS/C++ hybrid version of 0xBitcoin-Miner and Mikers' enhanced CUDA builds.

FOR MORE INFORMATION...

If you have any trouble, the friendly and helpful 0xBitcoin community will be happy to help you out. Discord has kind of become 0xBTC's community hub, you can get answers the fastest from devs and helpful community members. Or message one of the community members on reddit listed below.
Links
submitted by GeoffedUP to gpumining [link] [comments]

Links to the Newest/Best Miners for nVidia, AMD GPUs (and historical links)

I thought I'd make this thread due to an influx of new miners who seemed to be using very old versions. Hope it's helpful! It'll be updated over time. Most Recent Edit: 20 June 2019. Updated version #s, links, features, added link to UI/updater for SSHA3M, fixed formatting -- LtTofu
** Be sure to read the README document that either comes with the miner or any instructions on the page where you download it! This will answer many beginner questions. For quickest answers to any problems you may encounter, visit #Support on the Discord: https://discord.gg/An8sBP **
Be sure to keep your GRAPHICS CARD DRIVERS up to date! This makes sure your cards are detected by the mining software as well as the expected performance.
COSMiC V4 by LtTofu (latest version: 4.1.3)
Thread: https://www.reddit.com/0xbitcoin/comments/c1590e/cosmic_v413t_update_nvidiacuda_win64_guibased/ Direct Download Links: https://bitbucket.org/LieutenantTofu/cosmic-v3/downloads/ (newest at the top)
CUDA Miner in active development for 64-Bit Windows w/ integrated GUI for nVidia/CUDA devices. Supports Pool mining, Multiple GPUs in a Single Instance. Solo/CPU mining is in development. Selectable auto-donation (1.5% default/minimum).
SoliditySha3Miner by Amano7 (lwYeo)
https://github.com/lwYeo/SoliditySHA3Minereleases/ Miner for nVidia cards (CUDA) and OpenCL (AMD cards). Supports Pool Mining and Solo Mining. JSON API. EthOS Compatible! 1.5% minimum Auto-donation, 2% default. Note: Requires .NET Core to be installed!
GUI WrappeUpdater: https://github.com/lwYeo/SoliditySHA3MinerUI
0xBitcoin-Gpuminer v2.10.4 and up; Gaiden/Nabiki by Azlehria
https://github.com/azlehria CUDA miners in active development for Windows and Linux. Has a fixed 2.5% devfee. Supports pool mining
COSMiC v3.4 by LtTofu (old version, no longer in active development):
Thread: https://www.reddit.com/0xbitcoin/comments/8ewvo9/miner_cosmic_v34t_cuda_miner_for_windows_64_linux/
Direct Download Links: https://bitbucket.org/LieutenantTofu/cosmic-v3/downloads/ (newest at the top)
Command-line CUDA Miner with Windows and Linux versions available. See comment below post for version details. Selectable auto-donation (1%, 1.5%, 2%). Supports Pool/Solo mining. Single-GPU, but can be easily launched on multiple GPUs using a batch file.
TokenMiner by Mining-Visualizer (MVis):
https://github.com/mining-visualizeMVis-tokenminer Miner for AMD cards/OpenCL devices. Mines on CUDA cards too, but at a lower hashrate than with a native CUDA miner. 1% devfee in pool mode. Supports Solo and CPU mining

Older, possibly no longer supported:

0xBitcoin-miner:
https://github.com/0xbitcoin/0xbitcoin-miner The one that started it all! Old/probably unsupported. Supports CPU mining. GPUs not supported. Authors: Infernal Toast, Zegordo, (V0x?) possibly others :)
Mikers' CPU/CUDA miner:
https://github.com/snissn/0xbitcoin-gpuminer One of the first working CUDA miners! Now fairly old/probably unsupported, but solid!
Cosmic V4 early public test:
https://www.reddit.com/0xbitcoin/comments/8qsjwf/cosmic_v40a_public_test_the_easytouse_0xbitcoin/ First public test of Cosmic V4 (CUDA Miner for Windows 64-bit.) Single-GPU. Approximately the same speeds as 3.4t, perhaps slightly faster. See comment below post for version details. Selectable auto-donation (1.5% default).
Please let me know if you'd like anything updated/links added/etc. See comment by me below this post for more details. Thanks!
submitted by LieutenantTofu to 0xbitcoin [link] [comments]

ColossusXT Q3 AMA Ends!

Thank you for being a part of the ColossusXT Reddit AMA! Below we will summarize the questions and answers. The team responded to 39 questions! If your question was not included, it may have been answered in a previous question. The ColossusXT team will do a Reddit AMA at the end of every quarter.

The winner of the Q3 AMA Contest is: peanutman

Q: Why does your blockchain exist and what makes it unique?
A: ColossusXT exists to provide an energy efficient method of supercomputing. ColossusXT is unique in many ways. Some coins have 1 layer of privacy. ColossusXT and the Colossus Grid will utilize 2 layers of privacy through Obfuscation Zerocoin Protocol, and I2P and these will protect users of the Colossus Grid as they utilize grid resources. There are also Masternodes and Proof of Stake which both can contribute to reducing 51% attacks, along with instant transactions and zero-fee transactions. This protection is paramount as ColossusXT evolves into the Colossus Grid. Grid Computing will have a pivotal role throughout the world, and what this means is that users will begin to experience the Internet as a seamless computational universe. Software applications, databases, sensors, video and audio streams-all will be reborn as services that live in cyberspace, assembling and reassembling themselves on the fly to meet the tasks at hand. Once plugged into the grid, a desktop machine will draw computational horsepower from all the other computers on the grid.

Q: What is the Colossus Grid?
A: ColossusXT is an anonymous blockchain through obfuscation, Zerocoin Protocol, along with utilization of I2P. These features will protect end user privacy as ColossusXT evolves into the Colossus Grid. The Colossus Grid will connect devices in a peer-to-peer network enabling users and applications to rent the cycles and storage of other users’ machines. This marketplace of computing power and storage will exclusively run on COLX currency. These resources will be used to complete tasks requiring any amount of computation time and capacity, or allow end users to store data anonymously across the COLX decentralized network. Today, such resources are supplied by entities such as centralized cloud providers which are constrained by closed networks, proprietary payment systems, and hard-coded provisioning operations. Any user ranging from a single PC owner to a large data center can share resources through Colossus Grid and get paid in COLX for their contributions. Renters of computing power or storage space, on the other hand, may do so at low prices compared to the usual market prices because they are only using resources that already exist.
Q: I love how the COLX team makes improvements to COLX continuously and has stuck to the roadmap which looks very impressive for the future. The coin is starting to get some personality.
However, with the current amount of existing crypto projects these improvements don't mean so much if noone ever hears about COLX. Currently I never see COLX pop up in the crypto news that I follow, and it's as if COLX doesn't even exist. As a developer myself I sometimes fall for the "if the technology is awesome it will automatically become popular" mentality, but sadly it doesn't work that way.
So to summarise my question: What are the plans to bring COLX to the masses and to make sure the average crypto investor knows it exists?
PS: Colossuscoin has existed long before (pre-2014?) the big boom we saw last christmas which is already a major benefit over other projects, but COLX never seems to play that card. Why is this not on the website frontpage and hidden in one line of the whitepaper. Being able to claim that the team has at least 4 years of experience with the project sounds like a pretty convincing argument for investors to me... Especially since most investors never heard of COLX and think it's just another project that popped up to capitalise on the crypto boom.
A: As we get closer to releasing our product our strategic marketing presence will increase. We started this with no developer’s fund, and no pre-mine for the team. We have continued to grow the community and they will play a role in are strategic marketing. Now that governance is being utilized we will be allocating funding for various marketing opportunities. The community recently funded a crowdfund for a PR campaign.
Marketing will increase as we get closer to the Colossus Grid. Having a working product is an important piece of the puzzle for legitimizing a project like ColossusXT.

Q: What experience does anyone on the team have with distributed computing before COLX?
A: The team is comprised of many individuals who have a very diverse technical backgrounds in development, operations and project management. We do have team members with experience in the grid computing industry. At this time, they have not opted to share any information due to their privacy rights.

Q: How would COLX really add value with its 'Collossus Grid' ? What set of existing services will it challenge or disrupt if it came to fruition?
A: We will be reaching out and building relationships with businesses and that can utilize the Colossus Grid, and/or contribute. There are several industries and services that the Colossus Grid will challenge; from medicine to cognitive and behavioral sciences, from supply chain to marketing, from automotive and traffic control to climate science. Many of the existing services are centralized and do not provide any means of transparency through business practices or provide adequate means of privacy for the consumer. The Colossus Grid will provide a solution to these problems along with being energy efficient.
ColossusXT has a clear path to grid computing, the energy consumption alone from a Supercomputer is about $6M in energy costs a year, not to mention $150-250m for assembly and design. The Colossus Grid makes supercomputing available for any consumer or data center, whilst saving energy, upfront costs, and entirely removing the maintenance involved with large data centers.

Q: Is there any special modification done on Zerocoin protocol being used on COLX?
A: Yes, some small design changes were made so that it would work with our product, but the overall functionality of the protocol is the same. The team is looking to make some additional modifications, one of which that has been discussed is adding the ability to stake zCOLX. We are looking at publishing an updated Roadmap soon to reflect more on the vision of 2019.

Q: Will there be more use cases or user stories for IoT and Grid Computing?
A: Yes, these use-cases will evolve as the IoT evolves and the demand for computational power increases. I referenced some use-cases in a previous question.

Q: Could COLX solve some or the problem for an existing IT services industry and if so how? What could they gain by jumping onboard this platform?
A: Yes, some of the existing problems in the IT service industry can be solved by different blockchains. ColossusXT will be solving the problem of ‘Lack of computational power to process DATA’, and by using the Colossus Grid platform users can earn ColossusXT for contributing their computational power, or storage, but all this will serve a great purpose of contributing computing power to solve real world problems to make the world a better and more efficient place.

Q: Who do you anticipate will be the end user base of both colx and the grid? B2B or everyday folk?
A: It’s difficult to anticipate the blockchain world, as we increase our marketing strategies for the Colossus Grid I would like to see a healthy balance here.

Q: Is there any competition from other coins that you think are developing similar concepts and what makes COLX superior to them and what other coins you could see yourself helping and interacting with in a positive way? (Camhole)
A: Yes, there are other blockchain projects in the Grid Computing sector. Golem being the more prominent competition. The main difference is that we are focused on the end users privacy, and the types of users that we will be targeting will be those that need more discretion / anonymity in their work. We are building framework that will continue to push the boundaries of user privacy as it relates to grid computing. I’m more than happy to talk with other blockchain team members about anything relating to our projects. The free expression of thoughts and ideas is what makes the ColossusXT community so amazing.

Q: What is the best way as a new user to support the grid, does staking do enough or is running a Masternode the best way to participate?
A: I think there is some confusion here on how you support the Colossus Grid. There best way to support the Colossus Grid is to contribute as much computing power available. Spread awareness to your friends, family and co-workers when the Colossus Grid is live so that they can contribute. Running a Masternode can also support the network, but in a very different way. As the Masternode verifies blocks on the blockchain.

Q: Will there be a extra incentive to owning a masternode? When the colossus grid comes.
I remember reading that masternodes possibly will help the Blockchain overall by reducing it footprint.
As sharenodes become inhouse which increases overall masternodes total and the slight increase for those staking now since 500k block. Is it a concern that there might not be enough incentive to keep those running nodes to stay?
A: Fees and revenue structure for the Colossus Grid is still in ongoing discussion and will not be revealing information at this time. What a masternode does for the network is likely to change of the course of the project development. This could lead to additional incentives for masternode holders. Having said that, ColossusXT has one of the more reserved MN ROIs / Inflation strategies in the business with a goal of retaining the long-term health of the currency.

Q: Once the grid succeeds in 2019 will colx still push for opportunities as a privacy currency aswell.
Obviously main focus is armis and the grid but diversification helps too once the big goal is acheived?
A: Privacy will always be the foundation of ColossusXT. We will not shy aware from our advocacy towards privacy.

Q: Colossusxt being its own blockchain, is there opportunities for dapps or other company's that maybe arent or are in the computing sector be allowed to build there network on colx?
A: Yes, this is possible if the community shows interests in this. What we want to avoid is a situation like what happened with ETH; where their network was bogged down by the countless other projects utilizing the network. One of the reasons ColossusXT opted for its own blockchain was to avoid situations like this.

Q: Will zColx also be able to used at places like Crypto Emporium?
A: Yes, if you spent zCOLX on the address provided by a 3rd party, 3rd party will receive it as COLX and will not be able to trace it back. However, profiling on 3rd party sites may link tx with yourself (considering you will have an account on this 3rd party site and some transaction will be requested from this account).

Q: Has colx thought of a vision beyond the Colossus grid? Where does it want to go and how does it want to keep itself relevant as an innovator in latest technology?
A: The need for computing power is increasing every day, as well as the amount of DATA that needs to be processed and interpreted. As technology continues to evolve, we expect this need to further increase. The Colossus Grid end goal would be to come preinstalled on devices that use a CPU, when this CPU is not being actively used it will contribute to the Colossus Grid and reward the owner in ColossusXT (COLX). As technology evolves, privacy will always be an important security feature and part of the framework of the Colossus Grid. We will continuously evolve with technology to offer the highest privacy protections.
Q: Is the shared market place still on agenda?
A: The marketplace is still planned. This is a feature that will be released after the Colossus Grid. The Colossus Grid will have a marketplace for sharing computing power and storage, this will be further expanded upon after the Colossus Grid vision is realized.
Q: What does hardware wallet support mean in 2019 roadmap?
A: This means that we will become allocating budget and development towards integrating with a hardware wallet. We will more than likely begin discussing which hardware wallet the community is interested in as we get closer to this item on the roadmap.

Q: Will the team be attending any cloud/computing conferences next year theres a few decent ones uk singpore us.
A: I (PioyPioyPioy) would love to attend some conferences. If any are near my location I will attend, and while I cannot speak specifically on any conferences at this time for cloud/computing. I would like the opportunity to have the Colossus Grid live so that we can not only attend, but also be a speaker and present the Colossus Grid, maybe something can line up for Alpha or Beta launches.

Q: Where do you see crypto going next year? And which role does COLX fullfill in this?
Keep up the good work!
A: It’s impossible for me to speculate on where “crypto” in general could be next year. I don’t think this would be ethical either. The role ColossusXT will fill in this industry and our vision outlined in the roadmap will grow to encompass many different aspects. There are more huge data sources contributing to our view of the world. Potentially, we can analyze and predict more of the characteristics of the world around us than ever before, across all disciplines and industries from medicine to cognitive and behavioral sciences, from supply chain to marketing, from automotive and traffic control to climate science. As the Colossus Grid grows and spreads, so does our reach into providing privacy to the consumer, and transparent business practices.

Q: Looking forward to the grid, and be able to use distributed computing and storage. Will the grid also be able to provide distributed openCL or Cuda resources, or will it be cpu only?
A: Having users being capable of distributing the power of GPUs is something we have seen a lot of interest in from the public, and we can see where it may add to a good consumer business model as it relates to “mining” of other crypto currencies etc. Powerful GPUs also excel at cyber security related tasks that our team is very interested in marketing to clients. So the short answer is yes, our goal is to be able to distribute all computing resources as an end product.

Q: Will Colx have one click masternode feature on Mobile App platforms such as iOS and Android ?
A: For mobile app, this is possible through our partner Linda mobile wallets which allows you to stake and create masternodes without you having to leave your phone or PC on 24/7, and it won't drain your phone battery:
Q: If colx has a hard time establishing itself onto new exchanges due the leadership using anonymity. Would the Colx team consider unveiling themselves to expand the Colx community even though privacy is the main pillar of COLX?
A: Team members may disclose information themselves as they see fit. There is no requirement for team members to provide any private information online. The team has no problem completing KYC documents, or providing more information about ourselves during business agreements, or discussions.

Q: Will there be Colx merchandise in the future? I would definitely buy a hoodie to support my favorite project!
A: There is already a merchandise store. You can purchase with ColossusXT, or other crypto currencies and fiat.
ColossusXT Merchandise Store

Q: Is implementing grid computing just a shiny new gimmick to draw attention, like the 'eco-friendly coin' a year ago? Or will this become the main focus of colx?
Is there any prior experience in the team with regards to grid computing?
A: The Colossus Grid has been the focus, and the ‘eco-friendly’ is not a gimmick. The Colossus Grid is eco-friendly, will reduce energy consumption, and will efficiently process large amounts of DATA for substantially less than operating a supercomputer in today’s standards. Yes, there are team members with experience in the grid computing industry.

Q: What is the biggest plan of COLX for it to be known to the whole world and become one of the biggest crypto in the history?
A: One of our biggest goals is to continue to complete our objectives and release the Colossus Grid to provide a private and efficient method of processing and distributing computing power, and storage. Growing the community and business relationships, as well as continuing to achieve our vision outlined in the whitepaper and roadmap will all provide the foundations we are laying to provide the operational success of ColossusXT.

Q: Will have minimum requirements to be part of the colossus grid in terms of computational power or storage capacity and what online availability should the equipment that provides its services have?
A: We are not announcing any definitive details on fees or requirements attributed to the Colossus Grid as this time, as these are still ongoing discussions.
Q: In order to become a grid computing coin ColossusXT would have to shift from PoS to PoW. Customers would submit a work package to the network and the various connected nodes do the calculations and receive some kind of payment. So in this case the correctness and speed of the calculations is the metric that decides if a node is a good node or not, and how much reward it gets (PoW, much like bitcoin mining). This is in contrast with the current PoS approach where corrupt nodes are discouraged by forcing masternodes to put significant collateral on the line. Current masternodes don't have to do much work and network/hardware requirements are minimal.
What does the switch to PoW mean for the current owners of masternodes that bought into ColossusXT as a PoS investment? Does this mean that current masternodes will lose their value? Will expensive high-performance computers become the new way of becoming a masternode and earning money with ColossusXT?
A: ColossusXT will not be switching to PoW. The PoS system we have in place is not meant to be changed to PoW. The PoS system has been created as a privacy currency/network and this is the currency being used as a bartering tool. The Colossus Grid is an additional layer of the network and will not rely on PoW to function.

Q: What is the status of the Marketplace announced in the whitepaper?
A: The marketplace is still planned. This is a feature that will be released after the Colossus Grid. The Colossus Grid will have a marketplace for sharing computing power and storage, this will be further expanded upon after the Colossus Grid vision is realized.

Q: What’s the difference in COLX and zerocoin....I’m confused
A: We have created some Wiki entries and a Medium article to provide more information. I will provide the links below, if you have any questions please join us in discord.
What is Zerocoin?
What is zCOLX?

Q: Whats the status of the PR campaign for which crowdfunding was recently done for?
A: The PR campaign is in progress. I provided them with some information, and we have finalized the payment. I would expect to see it come into effect soon, but I don’t have an estimate date to provide.

Q: Collosus has a huge and helping community. I've seen the things they can achieve together, usually under the leadership of pete. Will colossus ever have a donation division. Or maybe a separate project run by and on colossus which is used for donations?
A: There is already rain in the Discord server daily, different tasks often come up throughout the community to earn COLX as well, the team’s will maintain focus on our current tasks, and when available there will always be events, tasks or goals that can activate rewards.

Q: How much emphasis is being placed on targeting mobile users via a Colossus Grid app? This seems like an enormous market to target with many of them not even interested in crypto per se. Maybe an app that allows the users to purchase colx so they can back up their pictures to free up space or even perform whole phone backups?
A: The team’s first focus will be delivering the Colossus Grid for desktop/laptop computers. We are watching the mobile device market, and as the power of mobile devices continues to grow, we will also allocate resources for the Colossus Grid on mobile.

Q: How does COLX plan to take on some existing grid compute coins like 'Golem'? How different or advanced are we aiming to build in comparison?
A: There will be some similarities between ColossusXT and Golem. We have very similar visions, and I participated in their Beta. There will also be very noticeable privacy features that ColossusXT will provide for the consumer that are not a part of ‘Golem’ at this time.

Q: Besides having privacy/I2P, in what other ways would the Colossus Grid be different from Golem/iExec/etc?
A: I participated in the Golem Beta, so without giving too much away. We aim to make ColossusXT a more user-friendly experience. This will include the process of installing, setting up, and contributing or participating without sacrificing any personal information.

Q: COLX seems to have a lot of stuff in the pipeline. With its focus on privacy and anonymity, does the development of COLX and its use have any plans to make a difference in charitable, environmental or medical spaces or industries?
A: Sure, we currently contribute to the World Grid. If you have any charities, you would like to recommend we can look at them. Send me an email [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Q: Since 2017 I have been fully invested in this project; the ambitious idea of The Grid and the commitment of your team to the Roadmap presented Q1 of this year has made me a Colx cheerleader. Now I see a lot of technology related questions in this thread, which is always helpfull! However, most of them can be easily answered, some of them even with a simple "Yes" or "No" reply. I would like to shift my question(s) to you to a different topic, the way the project will move forward by the use of PR marketing and business partnerships. My question to you is therefor the following;
Colx has had no ICO, therefor seems to be missing some liquidity. Not perse a problem, this is the reason the Colx project is deemed to be a community effort, which has been proven correct over the course of this year. Another solution would be having business partnerships to level out the missing knowlege or opportunities to reach certain markets/audience. This latter solution provides the following question;
"On a Strategic business level, what moves can we Expect to ensure usage of the Grid and Its Marketplace, expanding into reallife usecases after the launch? Can we expect partnerships to reach certain markets? A collaboration with organisations in medicinal research for example? And How will your team see contribution of community in this?"
Curious how you guys see the exciting future for Colx AFTER the launch. Of course, still a bit far ahead, but sure enough something to evaluate and prepare for!
J GBD
A: We will build a quality product to offer to investors without an ICO, and without private funding. Our relationship and partnership building is already underway for the Colossus Grid. The community is the biggest part of this project, and as our available computing power increases and becomes available on the Colossus Grid we will be able to offer more to businesses.
These use cases are expansive, and can be utilized by many different businesses to reduce energy, overhead costs, and upfront costs for many industries to include medical research.
Q: I am just new in cryptocurrency and I am looking for good coins that worthy for my funds investment. Some coins was already introduced to me but only COLX catch my attention. Honestly I don't still have the full knowledge about it, how can COLX makes me full attached with it? what COLX can do to gain my full trust and love? How can COLX give me the assurance of gaining?. Thats all :) Hope COLX can get my full trust to it.
A: The only thing the ColossusXT team can do is continue to develop and meet or goals on the roadmap. I can assure you that the team is working everyday to complete their tasks, and we are active within the community so that we can better represent the community. There are very few projects that provide live support daily, ColossusXT is one of them. Ultimately the choice to invest in a project is yours. Read our Whitepaper if you haven’t yet and join us in discord.

Q: Is the GRID already on beta testing stage?
A: No, Alpha testing will begin in 2019. Ensuring that the privacy features are working as intended. Active community members, partners, and contributors will be invited to participate in the Beta.

Q: Has a proposed tariff been documented yet for people to use the new Colossus Grid and what percentage of the fees will go to the Colossus members for sharing their resorces..? Pete009
A: Fees associated with the Colossus Grid have not been defined at this time. This is an ongoing discussion as it needs to be a sustainable ecosystem.

Q: What is Colossus Grid really going to enable to the 'common-man' and 'enterprise' user? Any examples of a simple to advanced application? ex. Can the grid be used to store Media (Photos/Videos) in blockchain privacy for common-man?
A: The ‘common-man’ can contribute data, or storage from his computer(s) and be rewarded when someone purchases that computing power on the marketplace. Yes, you will be able to store media on the distributed storage portion of the Colossus Grid.
Important Information:

Website
Whitepaper
Roadmap
Wiki
Governance
Partners

Follow ColossusXT on:

Twitter
Facebook
Telegram
Discord
Forums

Interested in joining the ColossusXT team?
Contribute an Idea!


AMA History:
2018 Q1
2018 Q2
submitted by PioyPioyPioy to ColossuscoinX [link] [comments]

New to r/Tokenmining? click here for more in-depth info!

What is EIP:918?

EIP:918 is an Ethereum Improvement Proposal for standardizing mineable token distribution using Proof of Work.
The primary driver behind the standard is to address the very broken ICO model that currently plagues the Ethereum network. Token distribution via the ICO model and it’s derivatives has always been susceptible to illicit behavior by bad actors. New token projects are centralized by nature because a single entity must handle and control all of the initial coins and all of the the raised ICO money. By distributing tokens via an alternative ‘Initial Mining Offering’ (or IMO), the ownership of the token contract no longer belongs with the deployer at all and the deployer is ‘just another user.’ As a result, investor risk exposure utilizing a mined token distribution model is significantly diminished. This standard is intended to be standalone, allowing maximum interoperability with ERC20, ERC721, and future token standards.
The most effective economic side effect of Satoshi Nakamoto’s desire to secure the original Bitcoin network with Proof of Work hash mining was tethering the coin to real computing power, thereby removing centralized actors. Transitioning the responsibility of work back onto individual miners, government organizations have no jurisdiction over the operation of a pure mined token economy. Oversight is removed from an equation whereby miners are providing economic effort in direct exchange of a cryptographic commodity. This facilitates decentralized distribution and establishes all involved parties as stakeholders. The ERC918 standard allows projects to be funded through decentralized computing power instead of centralized, direct-fiat conversion.
The Ethereum blockchain in its current state exists as a thriving ecosystem which allows any individual to store immutable records in a permission-less, invulnerable and transparent manner. Recently, there have been proposals to mitigate some initial ICO investment risks through the introduction of the DAICO model that relies on timed and automated value transfers via the smart contract tapping mechanism. However, this does not align a token smart contract as a non-security and still has the potential to put investors at risk if not implemented carefully, relying on centralized actors to be fair and community intended. Allowing users of the network direct access to tokens by performing computations as a proof of work supplies allows any smart contract to distribute a token in a safe and controlled manner similar to the release of a commodity.
As of 2017, all Ethereum token distribution methods were flawed and susceptible to Sybil attacks. A Sybil attack is a form of computer security attack where one person pretends to be many people with multiple computer accounts in order to manipulate a system in a malicious way. ICOs and airdrops are highly susceptible to these type of attacks so there is no way to verify that all ERC20 tokens distributed by the deployer were doled out fairly or unfairly. Proof of Work distribution is resistant to Sybil attacks. This means that ERC918 tokens are among the first trustless Ethereum tokens in the world. The distribution of ERC918 tokens is fair because they are allotted via an open, decentralized mathematical algorithm (that anyone can view on the mainnet blockchain) and not a centralized human monarchy.
ERC918’s first incarnation (and inspiration) was the 0xBitcoin project that launched in early 2018. Since then, several projects have realized the standard in innovative and creative ways. Catether (0xCATE) erupted early and additionally mints payback tokens during transfer operations to offset gas costs. 0xGold and 0xLitecoin each implement the first on-chain merge-mining with 0xBitcoin and the Mineable Gem project extends the standard onto a non-fungible collectible artifacts, whereby each gem has a unique mining difficulty. The Mineable project is a newer initiative that provides users with the ability to create mineable ERC20 tokens on-chain without writing a line of code and includes a virtualized hashing artifact market that allows miners to purchase on-chain vGPUs to improve mining difficulty and rewards. (written by jlogelin) ​

MINING IN A NUTSHELL

0xBitcoin is a Smart Contract on the Ethereum network, and the concept of Token Mining is patterned after Bitcoin's distribution. Rather than solving 'blocks', work is issued by the contract, which also maintains a Difficulty which goes up or down depending on how often a Reward is issued. Miners can put their hardware to work to claim these rewards, in concert with specialized software, working either by themselves or together as a Pool. The total lifetime supply of 0xBitcoin is 21,000,000 tokens and rewards will repeatedly halve over time.
The 0xBitcoin contract was deployed by Infernal_Toast at Ethereum address: 0xb6ed7644c69416d67b522e20bc294a9a9b405b31
0xBitcoin's smart contract, running on the Ethereum network, maintains a changing "Challenge" (that is generated from the previous Ethereum block hash) and an adjusting Difficulty Target. Like traditional mining, the miners use the SoliditySHA3 algorithm to solve for a Nonce value that, when hashed alongside the current Challenge and their Minting Ethereum Address, is less-than-or-equal-to the current Difficulty Target. Once a miner finds a solution that satisfies the requirements, they can submit it into the contract (calling the Mint() function). This is most often done through a mining pool. The Ethereum address that submits a valid solution first is sent the 50 0xBTC Reward.
(In the case of Pools, valid solutions that do not satisfy the full difficulty specified by the 0xBitcoin contract, but that DO satisfy the Pool's specified Minimum Share Difficulty, get a 'share'. When one of the Miners on that Pool finds a "Full" solution, the number of shares each miner's address has submitted is used to calculate how much of the 50 0xBTC reward they will get. After a Reward is issued, the Challenge changes.
A Retarget happens every 1024 rewards. In short, the Contract tries to target an Average Reward Time of about 60 times the Ethereum block time. So (at the time of this writing):
~13.9 seconds \* 60 = 13.9 minutes
If the average Reward Time is longer than that, the difficulty will decrease. If it's shorter, it will increase. How much longer or shorter it was affects the magnitude with which the difficulty will rise/drop, to a maximum of 50%. * Click Here to visit the stats page~ (https://0x1d00ffff.github.io/0xBTC-Stats) to see recent stats and block times, feel free to ask questions about it if you need help understanding it.

MINING HARDWARE

Presently, 0xBitcoin and "Alt Tokens" can be mined on GPUs, CPUs, IGPs (on-CPU graphics) and certain FPGAs. The most recommended hardware is nVidia graphics cards for their efficiency, ubiquity and relatively low cost. As general rules, the more cores and the higher core frequency (clock) you can get, the more Tokens you will earn!
Mining on nVidia cards:
Mining on AMD cards:
Mining on IGPs (e.g. AMD Radeon and Intel HD Graphics):
Clocks and Power Levels:

MINING SOFTWARE AND DESCRIPTIONS

For the most up-to-date version info, download links, thread links and author contact information, please see this thread: https://www.reddit.com/0xbitcoin/comments/8o06dk/links_to_the_newestbest_miners_for_nvidia_amd/ Keep up to date for the latest speed, stability and feature enhancements!
COSMiC Miner by LtTofu:
SoliditySha3Miner by Amano7:
AIOMiner All-In-One GPU Miner:
TokenMiner by MVis (Mining-Visualizer):
"Nabiki"/2.10.4 by Azlehria:
~Older Miners: Older and possibly-unsupported miner versions can be found at the above link for historical purposes and specific applications- including the original NodeJS CPU miner by Infernal Toast/Zegordo, the '1000x' NodeJS/C++ hybrid version of 0xBitcoin-Miner and Mikers' enhanced CUDA builds.

FOR MORE INFORMATION...

If you have any trouble, the friendly and helpful 0xBitcoin community will be happy to help you out. Discord has kind of become 0xBTC's community hub, you can get answers the fastest from devs and helpful community members. Or message one of the community members on reddit listed below.
Links
submitted by GeoffedUP to Tokenmining [link] [comments]

How to setup a Dogecoin Vanity Address!

WHAT IS A DOGE VANITY ADDRESS
Vanity addresses are ones where you can choose what characters appear somewhere in the address. For example, DPie5ucpypDTUsgquc3ea2Meg6TwpW6mW1. All Doge addresses must start with D (capital) and the second character must be a capital if it is a letter (not all letters accepted, for example I O Y W are not allowed as the second character). You can also create letters or words at the end or even beginning of the address such as:
Letters that I have found valid as second characters are: 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F G H J K L M N P Q R S T U
HOW TO CREATE YOUR VERY OWN DOGE VANITY ADDRESS
HOW TO IMPORT YOUR NEW DOGE VANITY ADDRESS INTO YOUR DOGECOIN-QT WALLET
For MultiDoge, see here
<3 pie
submitted by PieCrafted to dogecoin [link] [comments]

[Mining] - Need help with Nvidia RIG

Hi guys, I need some pro help.
I have the following setup (took from my previous Bitcoin experience): - 3 PC with 2 NVidia GPU onboard each (ubuntu 14.04) - on 1st PC I have installed geth and 2 instances of ethminer (cpp) - on 2nd and 3rd PC I have installed only ethminer (cpp)
the Geth server is connected to internet behind a firewall, I opened 30303 TCP/UDP and 8545 TCP. also other 2 servers are connected on internet but no open ports inbound.
I started geth with the following command:
geth --rpc --rpcaddr "0.0.0.0" --rpcport 8545 --rpccorsdomain "" consolegeth --rpc --rpcaddr "0.0.0.0" --rpcport 8545 --rpccorsdomain "" console
I started ethminer with the following command:
ethminer -F http://[geth-Machine]:8545 -G --opencl-device 0
My problem is that when I go to geth console and type miner.hashrate it just display 0. If I type miner.start() the hashrate ramp up to 500Kh/s, but on the ethminer tabs I can clearly see that is mining on 6Mh/s each GPU.
I successfully mined 1 blocks and on https://etherchain.org it reports an hashrate of 15Mh/s, but if I do some math it should be at least double (6GPU at 6Mh/s each should be 36Mh/s).
What I would need to know now is: - Is there a way which I can meeter the total hashpower of my rig? - Do I need to type miner.start() or leave it stopped on Geth (I suppose started).
Any help would be very appreciate and tipped.
Thank you.
submitted by croll83 to ethereum [link] [comments]

How To Mine Doge with Ubuntu 13.10. (Part 1, for AMD Graphics Cards)

I feel the community really needs a resource like this. Because if I had a Doge for every-time taught a newbie how to Mine on Ubuntu, I would be a very rich doge!
EDIT: Sorry if it looks funny, Reddit doesn't like the numbers I put in for some reason.
If you have Ubuntu you have likely not upgraded because you think you cant mine on 13.10, and while that has been true in the past, a few people have got it figured out. So feel free to upgrade. If you are not on Ubuntu, Seriously you should consider using it. Even if its just on an older desktop.
Alright, so lets get a few things clear, I am assuming that you just FRESHLY installed Ubuntu 13.10 x64 on your system. I am assuming that you have no drivers, and no miners. You will need at least a key board and a mouse. The guide will be done in several parts, this first part is for most AMD Graphics cards. If you have an Nvidia, or just want to mine with your CPU, please check back later for those guides!
When reading this guide, please remember that as I give you commands to type into the terminal, Anything between { and} must be included. Do not copy and paste the {}.
Lets get started, If you have not already done so, Install Ubuntu 13.10 64Bit From Here (http://www.ubuntu.com/index_asus.html)
*1. Lets start by making sure you are up to date. Open up the terminal and enter this:
{sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade} 
Let that run for a bit.
*2. Once that has finished we are going to download some applications we will need:
{sudo apt-get install dh-make dh-modaliases execstack libxrandr2 libice6 libsm6 libfontconfig1 libxi6 libxcursor1 libgl1-mesa-glx libxinerama1 libqtgui4} 
*3. Once that has run its course we are going to install the ssh server. Remember this command is going to make your computer shut down. While it is shut down, carefully install your graphics cards. If you don't have any experience with this, I suggest you 3 minutes to watch this guide, because failure to install a graphics card the right way can destroy it.
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O9x097QRXeA)
{sudo apt-get install openssh-server sudo shutdown now} 
*4.Install your Card(s) and turn the computer back on.
*5. Make a new folder called "AMD DRIVERS123" inside of your download folder. Downoad the following 3 things into that folder. (1. AMD Drivers: http://support.amd.com/en-us/download/incomplete) (2. AMD APP SDK: http://developer.amd.com/tools-and-sdks/heterogeneous-computing/amd-accelerated-parallel-processing-app-sdk/downloads/) (3. AMD ADL SDK:http://developer.amd.com/tools-and-sdks/graphics-development/display-library-adl-sdk/)
*6. Ok, now we need to unzip and compile those drivers. So, open a terminal my right clicking inside of "AMD DRIVERS123". The enter this:
{unzip amd-catalyst*.zip chmod +x amd-catalyst*.run} {sudo ./amd-catalyst*.run --buildpkg Ubuntu/saucy} 
*7. Now we need to install the drivers. Enter the code exactly as you see it, don't worry, the first command will fail, we are expecting it too.
{sudo dpkg -i fglrx*.deb} {sudo apt-get -f install} {sudo dpkg -i fglrx*.deb} {sudo reboot} 
Your computer should now reboot.
(If this failed, you probibly need to remove the old drivers. Do this
{cd /etc/default sudo pico grub} 
Change the line:
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash nomodeset" 
Now save by pressing [CTRL+x]
{sudo update-grub} this will make the change perminent. {sudo reboot -n} Reboot with new settings. Once it starts back up try installing the new drivers again.) 
*8.GREAT! You are really on a roll! Now we need to update AtiConfig
{sudo aticonfig --initial --adapter=all} 
*9.Time to install the APP ADK:
{tar xvf AMD-APP-SDK*.tgz} {sudo ./Install-AMD-APP.sh} {sudo reboot} 
*10. WOOT! You are so close to diggin that sweet Doge!! Its time to download CGMiner. IMPORTANT NOTE! You need to get CGminer 3.7, IT IS THE ONLY ONE THAT WILL WORK. Do not get any older or newer, Just this. :
{sudo apt-get install git unzip git clone -b 3.7 https://github.com/ckolivas/cgminer} 
*11. Ok, now go back to "AMD DRIVERS123", Unzip AMD SDL SDK 6.0. Once you have it unzipped, go the file called "include", open it up, copy everything inside, then go find CGminer. Copy these files into the CGminer file called ADL_SDK.
*12. To install CGminer, we are going to need a few things. Get all of these.
{sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf libtool libcurl4-openssl-dev libncurses5-dev pkg-config libudev-dev} 
*13. Lets go ahead and compile CGminer.
{cd cgminer} {./autogen.sh} 
*14. Ok, when you did that, it told you GPU was not supported, time to fix it.
{./configure --enable-opencl --enable-scrypt} 
(if you did it right you should now get this: OpenCL...............: FOUND. GPU mining support enabled scrypt...............: Enabled ADL..................: SDK found, GPU monitoring support enabled)
*15. If everything has been good so far then
{make} 
*16. MATHEMATICAL! Now lets get it set up to run a test.
{nano test.sh} {!/bin/bash export DISPLAY=:0 export GPU_MAX_ALLOC_PERCENT=100 export GPU_USE_SYNC_OBJECTS=1} {./cgminer -n} 
*17. Now save by hitting [Control+x][y][Enter]
*18.Lastly lets CHmod test.sh
{chmod+x test.sh} 
*19. TIME TO RUN THE TEXT!!!
{./test.sh} 
(If your output looks like this your ready to go!!! CL Platform 0 vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. CL Platform 0 name: AMD Accelerated Parallel Processing CL Platform 0 version: OpenCL 1.2 AMD-APP (1214.3) Platform 0 devices: 1 0 Tahiti GPU 0 AMD Radeon HD 7900 Series hardware monitoring enabled 1 GPU devices max detected)
*20. Excellent! Now we have it installed, its time to pick 2-3 pools, and get accounts set up at each of them. I currently use These 2, and If I find another I like I'll update. If you have a really awesome pool you would like me to include on the list, feel free to message me.
Pools: http://doge.cryptovalley.com/ (great community, server not super stable, but they have a chat. I hang out here a lot under the handle 'StrongBad' feel free to stop buy and ask questions)
https://dogehouse.org/ (Super stable pool, Great contests, super friendly, and they pay your miner a bonus if you find the block!)
Choose your pools, go to their sites and sign up. VERY IMPORTANT!!! Use different usernames and passwords for every mining site. If one site gets hacked, you don't want to give them a way to steal everything!!!!! Don't worry about the worker names and passwords being unique or complex tho, the most they can do with this is mine for you.
*21. Ok, now go to the CGminer folder, and open up a Terminal Window.
{sudo ./cgminer} 
This should start ./cgminer up with some really basic settings, and not pointed at any pool. Lets fix that: First press [p] to go to pool settings Now [A] and enter the information for the 1st pool. For instance if you are signing on for dogehouse: (Input server details: stratum+tcp://stratum.dogehouse.org:3333 Username: 'yourusername.workername password: 'yourpassword') If you got no errors, you did it right! Your miner should now connect and start to mine very slowly.
Now, do the same thing for all your other pools. the reason we do this is because Doge Coin pools are constantly being DDoS attacked, and this way your worker automatically switches over to a good pool if one go's down.
*22. time to save your current settings press [Enter] to get back out to the main menu, then [s] to bring up settings. Now press [W] to write a Config file. Name it DogeCoin.conf, and make sure to save it in the location it directs you too.
*23.OK! So, now we have everything set up to its basics. What you need to do now is sit down, and fine tune your Card(s). Its really early in the morning, and I need to get some sleep, I will add more on how to tune your card tomorrow in another post, and link it HERE:
Or, I will help you find the best configuration for your card(s). However as this is quite a bit of work, I do charge a small fee. Contact me with your card(s) information and I will get back to you right away. I generally let you decide how much to pay me.
This is my first ever guide on reddit! If you enjoyed it, or if it helped you please remember to upvote! I am going to start doing an educational YouTube series about Bitcoin, and will likely be doing a side program about Doge, if I find time and funding!! You can find that here: All tips are appreciated! DPTwcQreASwzt6TeWBWFb6Kz9ZU5Sezvr9 If you have any Questions, feel free to ask, I will get back to you ASAP.
Happy Digging everybody!
submitted by Sonofchange to Dogecoinmining [link] [comments]

Help with a rig

i am running a 5x7950 rig on windows 8. all 5 of my cards mine fine on bitcoin but when I run --scrypt it crashes on cgminer it just says the program stopped responding. However when I do sha256 through bitcoin it seems to work fine.
I am running with 2GiG of memory on the motherboard. Is it possible that I require more memory on the motherboard for scrypt mining?
EDIT: #################
Thanks to everyone who helped, I finally got it up and running. it was a driver issue. It seems like 13.1 whql works better. However the trouble in installing 13.1 was kind of sketchy. I had all 5 cards in there, and installed 13.1 the first time. and the screen went blank for hours. So i just ended up doing a hard boot on the system. It turns out it stalled in the installation, so but driver was already installed, so I just manually updated the driver in device manager (at that time only 1 was displaying, while the others were running on windows drivers, so i updated the rest to the amd drivers). At this point in time all was well. However when I ran cgminer, it said opencl.dll was not present. I didn't think too much of it.
Today I retried 13.1. When the screen went blank this time, I did another hardboot, then same thing happened, this time however, I didn't manually update the other 4 card's drivers. Instead I reran the install, without uninstalling, because I figured it was a FRESH INSTALL that was not finished, if i was to reinstall and if it did finish installing I'd have a proper opencl. And that WAS the case. I did scrypt mining benchmark on cgminer, and it was running at very low kh/s like 15kh/card. But it was working. Then i figured it was probably because the configuration was off. So off I went and started playing with the conf file and now, every card is hashing at 500kh/s. I even got it up to 600kh/s but my power bar tripped. I'm going to perhaps upgrade my circuit next week and try for 6 cards at 600kh/s. I have no doubt i can get it over 630-650 as I have tried those setting. below is a picture of hashing at my lower spectrum, i'm doing a burn in test. http://imgur.com/FxT4AwS
then here are pictures of my rig. http://imgur.com/Bqj7kVb http://imgur.com/X2b5PTz not very clean right now, I'll fix it up for you all when I complete the RACK. I have 3 more of these boards on the way So still work to be done.
If you are all wondering how the rack was made. It's pretty simple, these racks are 99bucks at canadian tire (i live in canada), but you can get them at costco. There are like 4 shelves, each shelf can fit 2 systems.
The steel frames were added on for the cards. As you can see i misjudged the height of the riser, so I had to actually use spacers and wood blocks to get the board higher. I am planning to move the shelves higher as they are adjustable, but it requires me to remove the system since i'll be putting a mallet to it.
Again thx for all the suggestions. If anyone has questions, don't hesitate to ask.
submitted by RickJamesB1tch to litecoinmining [link] [comments]

New GUIMiner (guiminer-20110701)

Link to forum
Download here
Changelog:
20110701:
submitted by murf43143 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

**Why I Am Mining Dogecoin**

I began seriously mining Dogecoin yesterday. I spent the last several days assembling and configuring a computer for this (among other uses). I developed a strong interest in digital currency in the last month, and have been gently wading into this exciting new world that we are all building together. I have a wife, children, and a day job, and have had an unsuccessful time explaining why I'm so interested in this, and why altcoins and Bitcoin are not a pyramid scam, a joke, etc.
Here, I hope to explain my personal reasons for choosing to spend time and money in Dogecoin mining, since it may be useful to others coming into digital currencies, as they are gaining more and more press and publicity lately with many articles in the mainstream press on Bitcoin, Coinye, etc.
Only a month ago, I began to notice that Bitcoin was really being mentioned a lot in the media. I had known about it for several years, but had assumed it would just go away. It never made sense to me (it does now!), but I didn't spend much time thinking about it. I figured, "after all, there's nothing backing it", and left it at that. Obviously, I knew nothing about currencies or monetary systems at the time, and neglected the fact that nothing tangible backs a USD either.
After hearing about the Dread Pirate Roberts / Silk Road bust, I was surprised to learn that Bitcoin was alive and had grown to such an impressive value (it was around $1,000 USD per 1 BTC at the time, as I recall). Later, I heard a longer story about Bitcoin on the radio (on NPR, I believe), and was further surprised that several legitimate, real-life businesses had started to accept Bitcoins. Now, I was hooked, and needed to learn more. By the end of December, I'd read enough about Bitcoin to know I wanted to participate, but wasn't comfortable speculating in it with real money.
I knew it wasn't going to be profitable, but in early January, I spent about $40 on a USB ASIC "Block Erupter" for Bitcoin mining. This runs at 334 MH/s (using Bitcoin's SHA-256 algorithm, not Dogecoin's scrypt algorithm). This has been sufficient to generate approximately $0.75 worth of Bitcoins over the last 2 weeks that I've been running it. It gave me something to play with, but was pathetic compared to what the professional miners were doing (measured in TH/s, tens of thousands of times faster than my capability). Reaching their levels required more specialized ASIC hardware (not just a single USB key-sized device).
The higher performing Bitcoin mining hardware was all backordered or available only from relatively unestablished companies that I would not want to send thousands of dollars for. Furthermore, the hardware seems to only really be usable for Bitcoin mining; it had no other obvious utility.
BUT, through cryptsy it was easily possible to convert other altcoins into BTC or vice-versa. Litecoin, Dogecoin, and others were mentioned in several mainstream news articles. Dogecoin was treated as a joke and novelty. However, on looking into it, along with several other altcoins, I decided it was more than serious.
Dogecoin:
Few or no other altcoins seemed to have all these properties to the same degree as Dogecoin. I started CPU-mining it immediately, lacking any GPU hardware in my house (I am not a gamer).
Even the modest CPU power in my home PCs (used for web surfing, primarily) was able to generate a little less than 1,000 DOGE per day (which was roughly $0.25 - $0.30 at the time). Not super-impressive, but enough to play with and check out the rest of the Dogecoin universe.
I became hooked. I decided that not only was this a fun thing to play with, but it was also potentially a very good investment. Not having much spare cash, not having a high risk tolerance, and not having any desire in being a "speculator", I decided that rather than convert USD to Dogecoin, I would build a more capable mining computer. I will share more details on this later, if there is interest.
Dogecoin mining on GPUs and CPUs is easy, and the cost of building a machine for this is very reasonable, considering that the machine has many other uses, including:
This is vastly superior to me, compared to investing the same amount of money in Bitcoin hardware, which is useless for anything else. Rather than speculating in Bitcoins, I decided there was no risk at all in building a computer with high-powered GPUs that would be useful for Dogecoin's scrypt-based altcoin mining, since even if it never made economic sense, I could use the system for many other things.
I had not built a PC in over 10 years, and would up spending about $2000. Since yesterday night, I am now mining Dogecoin at a consistent rate of 1.2 MH/s (my hardware can go to 1.6 MH/s, but the temperatures did not seem healthy to me, so I slowed it down while I study them).
This is extremely fun, and I'm proud to be contributing to the Dogecoin ecosystem.
submitted by wes_doge to dogecoin [link] [comments]

windows vps for mining

hi am new to bitcoin . i have a windows 2008 r2 VPS runs in SolusVM KVM Virtualization. spec is 700gb HDD,8Gb Ram,1gbps node,unmetered bandwidth, the problem is there is no graphics card .i tired the guiminer but its says no opencl devices and stuck at the same conneting stage
http://i.imgur.com/whXS8VG.png
so is there any idea to mine bitcoin or any coin using VPS ???
thanks
submitted by snowfly5 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

I'm new. Looking for a miner. Pls help

So, my laptop has no OpenCL device. My question is, if I buy something small like a USB ASIC MINER BLOCK ERUPTER BITCOIN MINER, will this act an OpenCL???? or do I need an OpenCL for that kind of stuff to work?? (sorry if that sounds dumb. as I said. I'm new)
submitted by aMANescape to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Just getting into mining but I have a software error

I am fairly new to bitcoin and I have a wallet setup and I am looking to start mining but I have a problem with guiminer. I get the following error message-
No OpenCL devices were found. If you only want to mine using CPU or CUDA, you can ignore this message. If you want to mine on ATI graphics cards, you may need to install the ATI Stream SDK, or your GPU may not support OpenCL
Anything I can do to fix this? Or is there a different mining program I can use?
submitted by reynoldswillendyou to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

So. i just started mining. it has been running for about 10 mins and i haven't gotten ANYTHING. Any help?

i have gotten no shares accepted or stale. im running at 1.2Mh/s on a 7970 OC with an i5 2500k at 3.7Ghz. if this is normal how long should it take for me to get any sign that im getting packages or shares.
this is my log so far
2013-03-27 19:44:26: Running command: poclbm.exe minerathome.worker1:[email protected]:8332 --device=1 --platform=0 --verbose -r1 2013-03-27 19:44:26: Listener for "minerathome.worker1" started 2013-03-27 19:44:27: Listener for "minerathome.worker1": api2.bitcoin.cz:8332 27/03/2013 19:44:27, checking for stratum... 2013-03-27 19:44:27: Listener for "minerathome.worker1": api2.bitcoin.cz:8332 27/03/2013 19:44:27, started OpenCL miner on platform 0, device 1 (Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-2500K CPU @ 3.30GHz) 2013-03-27 19:44:29: Listener for "Minerathome.worker1": api2.bitcoin.cz:8332 27/03/2013 19:44:29, diverted to stratum on stratum.bitcoin.cz:3333
submitted by BrisbaneRoarFC to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Need Help: No numbers update under GUIMiner's "accepted" or "stale", and no bitcoins received.

Hey Everyone,
I downloaded the latest version of GUIMiner (v2012-12-03) and created an account in Slush's mining pool. I created a new OpenCL Miner, and entered my username and password correctly. After choosing the correct device and leaving the CPU affinity on 0, I started mining. However, after several minutes at ~390Mhash/s, no "Accepted" shares updated. The number remained at "0(0)." There doesn't seem to be a connection issue, and everything appears to work fine. And after checking my account on the Slush network, I didn't have any bitcoin credit.
Why is this happening, and how can I fix it?
TL;DR I don't get any accepted shares even though my GPU works and I am connected successfully to the network.
submitted by TofuDawgg to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

GUI Miner issues, send help!

I noticed recently I've been getting these errors when connecting to the BTC Guild servers with GUI Miner (v2012-12-03) This from GUI Miner console
2013-04-03 15:59:19: Listener for "BTC Guild" started 2013-04-03 15:59:19: Listener for "BTC Guild": 03/04/2013 15:59:19, need more than 1 value to unpack 2013-04-03 15:59:19: Listener for "BTC Guild": 03/04/2013 15:59:19, started OpenCL miner on platform 0, device 0 (Tahiti) 2013-04-03 15:59:19: Listener for "BTC Guild": nl.btcguild.com:8332 03/04/2013 15:59:19, checking for stratum... 2013-04-03 15:59:19: Listener for "BTC Guild": nl.btcguild.com:8332 03/04/2013 15:59:19, using JSON-RPC (no stratum header) 2013-04-03 16:00:19: Listener for "BTC Guild": nl.btcguild.com:8332 03/04/2013 16:00:19, warning: job finished, 0:0:Tahiti is idle 2013-04-03 16:00:41: Listener for "BTC Guild": nl.btcguild.com:8332 03/04/2013 16:00:41, long poll: new block 000000f6d6330300
this is when it idles
Then instead of hashing at my lovely ~500Mhash/s on my 7950 GPU I get a horrible 'idle' speed of 800Khash/s, why does this happen?
I just switched to the Netherlands servers, but I normally get around 100 shares in before it happens again.
I use these flags:
-v 1 -w 256
Any help at all would be appreciated, has anyone else had this problem?
Please help :( While the bitcoin price is the highest it's ever been I can mine nothing
Thankyou
submitted by arono7342 to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

OpenCL won't detect my Radeon HD 6950s on Ubuntu natty

I've been trying to set up my new mining rig, but hitting technical problems. It seems that although AMD outperforms NVidia for mining, support for AMD GPU mining in linux is a bit scarce. I've been trying to follow this tutorial, but CLInfo only detects my CPU as an OpenCL device. I've also tried using drivers downloaded from the AMD website, but no luck. Does anyone have any suggestions?
EDIT: I've also tried using the new 2.4 "APP" SDK.
Here are some command outputs: [email protected]:/opt/ati-stream-sdk-v2.1-lnx64/samples/opencl/bin/x86_64$ lspci 02:00.0 VGA compatible controller: ATI Technologies Inc Cayman PRO [AMD Radeon 6900 Series] 07:00.0 VGA compatible controller: ATI Technologies Inc Cayman PRO [AMD Radeon 6900 Series]
[email protected]:/opt/ati-stream-sdk-v2.1-lnx64/samples/opencl/bin/x86_64$ fglrxinfo display: :0 screen: 0 OpenGL vendor string: ATI Technologies Inc. OpenGL renderer string: AMD Radeon HD 6900 Series OpenGL version string: 4.1.10750 Compatibility Profile Context display: :0 screen: 1 OpenGL vendor string: ATI Technologies Inc. OpenGL renderer string: AMD Radeon HD 6900 Series OpenGL version string: 4.1.10750 Compatibility Profile Context [email protected]:/opt/ati-stream-sdk-v2.1-lnx64/samples/opencl/bin/x86_64$ ./CLInfo Number of platforms: 1 Platform Profile: FULL_PROFILE Platform Version: OpenCL 1.0 ATI-Stream-v2.1 (145) Platform Name: ATI Stream Platform Vendor: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. Platform Extensions: cl_khr_icd Platform Name: ATI Stream Number of devices: 1 Device Type: CL_DEVICE_TYPE_CPU Device ID: 4098 Max compute units: 2 Max work items dimensions: 3 Max work items[0]: 1024 Max work items[1]: 1024 Max work items[2]: 1024 Max work group size: 1024 Preferred vector width char: 16 Preferred vector width short: 8 Preferred vector width int: 4 Preferred vector width long: 2 Preferred vector width float: 4 Preferred vector width double: 0 Max clock frequency: 3210Mhz Address bits: 64 Max memory allocation: 1073741824 Image support: No Max size of kernel argument: 4096 Alignment (bits) of base address: 1024 Minimum alignment (bytes) for any datatype: 128 Single precision floating point capability Denorms: Yes Quiet NaNs: Yes Round to nearest even: Yes Round to zero: No Round to +ve and infinity: No IEEE754-2008 fused multiply-add: No Cache type: Read/Write Cache line size: 64 Cache size: 65536 Global memory size: 3221225472 Constant buffer size: 65536 Max number of constant args: 8 Local memory type: Global Local memory size: 32768 Profiling timer resolution: 1 Device endianess: Little Available: Yes Compiler available: Yes Execution capabilities: Execute OpenCL kernels: Yes Execute native function: No Queue properties: Out-of-Order: No Profiling : Yes Platform ID: 0x7f3ecabe3228 Name: AMD Athlon(tm) II X2 260 Processor Vendor: AuthenticAMD Driver version: 1.1 Profile: FULL_PROFILE Version: OpenCL 1.0 ATI-Stream-v2.1 (145) Extensions: cl_khr_icd cl_amd_fp64 cl_khr_global_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_global_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_base_atomics cl_khr_local_int32_extended_atomics cl_khr_int64_base_atomics cl_khr_int64_extended_atomics cl_khr_byte_addressable_store cl_khr_gl_sharing cl_ext_device_fission cl_amd_device_attribute_query cl_amd_printf Passed! 
submitted by mishagale to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Miner broken?! Send help! Please!

I noticed recently I've been getting these errors when connecting to the BTC Guild servers with GUI Miner (v2012-12-03) This from GUI Miner console
2013-04-03 15:59:19: Listener for "BTC Guild" started 2013-04-03 15:59:19: Listener for "BTC Guild": 03/04/2013 15:59:19, need more than 1 value to unpack 2013-04-03 15:59:19: Listener for "BTC Guild": 03/04/2013 15:59:19, started OpenCL miner on platform 0, device 0 (Tahiti) 2013-04-03 15:59:19: Listener for "BTC Guild": nl.btcguild.com:8332 03/04/2013 15:59:19, checking for stratum... 2013-04-03 15:59:19: Listener for "BTC Guild": nl.btcguild.com:8332 03/04/2013 15:59:19, using JSON-RPC (no stratum header) 2013-04-03 16:00:19: Listener for "BTC Guild": nl.btcguild.com:8332 03/04/2013 16:00:19, warning: job finished, 0:0:Tahiti is idle 2013-04-03 16:00:41: Listener for "BTC Guild": nl.btcguild.com:8332 03/04/2013 16:00:41, long poll: new block 000000f6d6330300
this is when it idles
Then instead of hashing at my lovely ~500Mhash/s on my 7950 GPU I get a horrible 'idle' speed of 800Khash/s, why does this happen?
I just switched to the Netherlands servers, but I normally get around 100 shares in before it happens again.
I use these flags:
-v 1 -w 256
Any help at all would be appreciated, has anyone else had this problem?
Please help :( While the bitcoin price is the highest it's ever been I can mine nothing
Thanks
submitted by arono7342 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Eobot.com FAQ

FAQ https://www.eobot.com/new.aspx?referid=94984
General Questions What is a Bitcoin? Good question; see www.bitcoin.org for more information.
What are your options to withdraw? We currently only allow withdrawals in BTC/LTC/BC/NMC/DOGE/XRP/DRK/RDD/BTS/CURE/PPC/NXT/SYS.
Why can't I deposit or withdraw "real currency", aka fiat (USD/EUJPY/GBP/CNY/RUB/etc.)? Due to international law, we do not allow you to deposit or withdraw fiat currencies. In the USA, there are MSB and FinCen regulations; in Europe, certain countries have banned cryptocurrencies, and in China, the banks aren't allowed to transfer cryptocurrencies. The laws may change in the future.
Why does my "Total Cryptocurrency Value" go down? This is because that display is tied to the exchange rates on other websites. Also see this user generated YouTube video for more information: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GucqlMuIXMg
Are their any fees to join or monthly fees? No fees.
Do you speak Spanish/Russian/Chinese? No, only English, but Google Translator works well.
What are the maximums/minimums for withdrawing? There are no maximums. The minimums are small, see the withdraw page for details.
Where can I see the terms and conditions? Please click here for terms and conditions.
Where can I see the privacy policy? Please click here for privacy policy.
Are you hiring? We are always looking for quality talent. If you would like to contribute, then please send your cover letter and resume to [email protected].
Do you have a bug bounty program? Yes, we pay for bugs, so contact us for details or visit us at CrowdCurity.com and submit bugs there!
Do you perform off-chain transactions? No we do not. All cryptocurrencies are sent, usually including miner fees, and can be seen on the blockchain for that respective cryptocurrency. This helps secure the network, makes our transactions transparent, provides an easier way to debug and track down coins, and reduces the chance for fraud. An off-chain transaction would be like what Coinbase could do if both users are Coinbase users and they change coins from one email to another, mark it in the database, and Bitcoin is never actually sent from one wallet to another.
Why does my balance reset after refreshing the page or changing cryptocurrencies? The server updates every 60 seconds and the balances you see updating in real-time are performed with Javascript. If you change pages quickly, or choose a new cryptocurrency, then it will look like it is resetting. However nothign is lost, as whatever cryptocurrency it is set at when the server updates will get the past 60 seconds of mining results.
Help! My account was hacked and withdraws are being made? Eobot is a secure site and has never been compromised. If your account was hacked, then you should change your password, turn on 2FA, and turn on email notifications. There are many unscrupulous Bitcoin sites, and most likely, you used the same password on another site. Never re-use passwords!
Do you have any wallpapers? Yes, you can download wallpaper1 or wallpaper2. Feel free to send us your own creations.
What does Eobot stand for? We have heard everything, let us know your favorite, including: Earn Online Bot, Earn Online Bitcoins Online Tool, Earn Online By Our Tech.
Is this legal? We cannot provide legal advice; make sure cryptocurrencies are legal in your jurisdiction before continuing to use Eobot.
Cloud Mining Questions What are the Cloud Mining fees? For electricity and maintenance, we currently charge a fee of 65% for SHA-256 and 65% for Scrypt. These values will change as difficulty increases, exchange rates change, and newer ASICs come online. These fees are better than our competitors, for instance CEX.IO charges $0.105 per GHS, which is a 81% fee! While GAW charges a 96% fee at current prices!
How long are the Cloud Mining rentals and contracts? Prior to October 11 2014, GHS/KHS contracts had no expiration. Old contracts are not affected. New contracts and rentals, mined or purchased after October 11 2014, are now limited in term for 5 years going forward. See your History tab for expiration dates.
Can I sell my Cloud Mining? No, you cannot sell the cloud shares at this time. This is because we own the hardware and do not want to be stuck if everyone decides to sell at once.
Can I buy Cloud Mining with credit card/USD? Yes, but please keep in mind you cannot sell or convert the Cloud Mining.
Can I buy Cloud Mining with cryptocurrency? Yes, deposit the cryptocurrency and then convert it to your choice of Cloud Mining.
What are the maximums/minimums when making a credit card purchase to buy Cloud Mining? The minimum is 1.0 GHS and 10.0 KHS and there is no maximum at this time.
Can I buy a Cloud Mining that mines in Scrypt? You can use the Cloud Mining SHA-256 hashing power to mine other currencies by automatically converting them as you mine, but the earnings will still be tied to SHA-256/Bitcoin difficulty, not Scrypt/Litecoin difficulty.
What is the difference between Cloud Mining SHA-256 and Cloud Mining Scrypt? One is tied to the difficulty in mining SHA-256 cryptocurrency (Bitcoin) and the other is tied to the difficulty in mining Scrypt cryptocurrency (Litecoin). This means that if history is any indication of the future, then the Cloud Mining Scrypt won't decrease as fast as the Cloud Mining SHA-256.
What does 1 instance of Cloud Mining SHA-256 and Cloud Mining Scrypt equal? 1 of Cloud SHA-256 equates to 1.0 GHS of SHA-256 mining power, while 1 of Cloud Scrypt equates to 1 KHS of Scrypt mining power.
Can I change the pool that my Cloud mines on? No, you cannot; this may change in the future.
What hardware is behind the Cloud Mining? The hardware varies from custom ASICs to GPUs. The ASICs are behind the SHA-256 and the GPUs are behind the Scrypt.
Can I RDP (remote desktop) into my Cloud Mining? No, you cannot at this time; we will run the servers for you.
What is the Cloud Mining Pre-Order? These are the same as the other Cloud Mining, but they will start mining on a later date. For instance, a Cloud Mining Pre-Order October 2014 will start mining on October 1, 2014.
Software/Miner Questions Why is it stuck on "initializing...please wait 5 minutes"? We recently changed our Scrypt pool, so this messge will show and the stats and speed won't show under your account. See pool info page for more info.
Why does it show as a trojan/virus? This is a false-positive that many of the popular antivirus programs report. For now you can ignore it, or try another free antivirus, like Microsoft Security Essentials. Hackers use something similar programs to make money off of people's computers, so that is why it shows up as a virus.
Why does Chrome block the download as malicious? This is another false-positive. Simply, go to your Chrome settings, scroll to the bottom and click on "Show Advanced Settings". Go to the Privacy section and uncheck "Enable phishing and malware protection". You will only do this temporarily. Then proceed to download our software. Then return to your privacy settings and recheck Enable Phishing to further protect you.
Do you have a Mac or Linux version? Yes, see the Pool Info under the Account page.
How do I use cgminer? See this English PDF tutorial for cgminer, or Spanish version, created by one of our members, for a simple walk-through.
How can I increase the speed? Important to increase speed: The default cgminer settings do not include hardware specific flags, which you may find here in the Litecoin Mining Hardware Comparison. Failing to use the proper flags can result in performance decreases in excess of 50%.
What do the intensity settings relate to? This is the same as cgminer flag --intensity. Low is 11, normal is none, high is 15, very high is 17, extreme is 19.
Can I use one account for multiple computers on same IP address? Yes, it will add your speed/rates together, you can use as many computers as you want.
Can I connect to the pool manually, through cgminer or bfgminer? Yes, see the Pool Info under the Account page.
Do you use Bitcoin and Litecoin? Yes, we are the easiest miner to use with BTC and LTC and convert on the backend automatically.
What do you use on the backend? We use cgminer, bfgminer, pooler's CPU miner, and a variety of pools.
Can I mine any cryptocurrency? Yes, regardless if you use SHA-256 or Scrypt (BTC vs LTC mode), you can earn and mine any cryptocurrency.
Can I use an ASIC? Yes, simply choose the option and run as GPU mode. Devices that work with bfgminer will work, for instance USB Block Eruptors or Butterfly Labs ASICs. You can also contact us for pool information for other ASICs.
What is the best graphics card/computer to buy? Either use a high end ATI Radeon card, or buy one of the USB Block Eruptor devices on Ebay/Amazon or a similar online store.
What drivers do I need for USB mode? http://www.silabs.com/products/mcu/Pages/USBtoUARTBridgeVCPDrivers.aspx
Why doesn't GPU mode work? You may need to download the OpenCL drivers; get them from here: http://developer.nvidia.com/opencl
Where can I get the .NET framework? Try Windows Update, or use Microsoft Web Platform Installer.
Can I use a proxy server? Yes, edit intensity.txt and put the details in there, for example, add "--proxy=http://mycompany-http-proxy:8080"
Where can I download the software? Download from link here
Can I use custom flags/change intensity? Yes, you can put in whatever custom flags/parameters/arguments you want. Edit the "resources/intensity.txt" file. Put in whatever you want, like for GPU mode: "--intensity 12 --shaders 1024" or for CPU mode (number of threads): "-t 32"
submitted by KryptosBit to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

GUI miner is having a problem on my second PC

im new to bitcoin mining and i keep getting a error on my second pc "nothing to mine on exiting" this is in the console 2014-05-07 15:39:11: Listener for "Default" shutting down 2014-05-07 15:39:12: Running command: poclbm.exe wolfEXE57.worker1:[email protected]:8332 --device=0 --platform=0 --verbose -r1 2014-05-07 15:39:12: Listener for "Default" started 2014-05-07 15:39:14: Listener for "Default": No PyOpenCL 2014-05-07 15:39:14: Listener for "Default": Not using OpenCL 2014-05-07 15:39:14: Listener for "Default": Nothing to mine on, exiting
on my primary PC GUI miner works fine but i built that pc myself my second pc is a laptop from a long time ago. any help would be much appricated
submitted by wolfEXE57 to BitcoinBeginners [link] [comments]

How Do i know if Guiminer is working ?

Hey new to this and just trying some things out. I already have a wallet with some funds in it. next I set up a miner and an account on a pool website. what feed back am I looking for from GUI mining to know I am doing anything? as far as i can tell I do every thing right. Here is a section form my console if that helps.
2013-12-12 22:47:30: Listener for "Default" started 2013-12-12 22:47:30: Listener for "Default": 12/12/2013 22:47:30, need more than 1 value to unpack 2013-12-12 22:47:30: Listener for "Default": WARNING: ADL missing (no AMD platform?), temperature control is disabled 2013-12-12 22:47:30: Listener for "Default": 12/12/2013 22:47:30, started OpenCL miner on platform 0, device 0 (Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-3610QM CPU @ 2.30GHz) 2013-12-12 22:47:30: Listener for "Default": api2.bitcoin.cz:8332 12/12/2013 22:47:30, checking for stratum... 2013-12-12 22:47:31: Listener for "Default": api2.bitcoin.cz:8332 12/12/2013 22:47:31, diverted to stratum on stratum.bitcoin.cz:3333 2013-12-12 22:47:31: Listener for "Default": api2.bitcoin.cz:8332 12/12/2013 22:47:31, Setting new difficulty: 3 2013-12-12 22:47:32: Listener for "Default": api2.bitcoin.cz:8332 12/12/2013 22:47:32, authorization failed with :[email protected]:3333 2013-12-12 22:47:36: Listener for "Default": api2.bitcoin.cz:8332 12/12/2013 22:47:36, IO errors - 1, tolerance 2
thank you.
submitted by iamnotafurry to BitcoinBeginners [link] [comments]

Veja como minerar Bitcoin no PC em 2020! Tutorial NiceHash ... guiminer no opencl error fix - YouTube How to fix Bitcoin miner 10061 error FIX Bitcoin Hardware Wallet - BitStash

Guiminer reports "no OpenCL devices found" unless I use AMD OpenCL Driver 11.6. I am using a single Radeon 5830 video card. From what I've read, ATI Stream version 2.1 will give the most M/hash with this card. However, if I use the standalone installer for ATI Stream 2.1 for Windows 7 x64 , guiminer will report no OpenCL devices found. If I uninstall ATI Stream 2.1 and install AMD OpenCL ... No OpenCL devices were found. Question asked by bukocdn on Aug 17, 2012 Latest reply on Aug 18, 2012 by bukocdn. Like • Show 0 Likes 0; Comment • 2; I have a 5830 video card installed correctly in my Windows XP 32bit machine and it is working great. I have the latest drivers installed and CCC is working and shows my card. I can't seem to access the GPU to get it working tho. I want to ... --no-restart Do not attempt to restart devices that hang--no-stratum Disable Stratum detection--no-submit-stale Don't submit shares if they are detected as stale --no-opencl-binaries Don't attempt to use or save OpenCL kernel binaries--pass-p <arg> Password for bitcoin JSON-RPC server--per-device-stats Force verbose mode and output per-device statistics--pool-proxy-x Proxy URI to use for ... Opencl Bitcoin Miner Bitcoin . Opencl Bitcoin Miner . Apr 8, 2018 DTN Staff. twitter. pinterest. google plus. facebook. Opencl: Can We Mine Litecoins/bitcoins With Google Nexus 10 ... Problems with mining Bitcoin (OpenCL) Ask Question Asked 7 years, 1 month ago. Active 4 years, 5 months ago. Viewed 8k times -1. I have been having some trouble with mining. I have no OpenCL compatible hardware, so that severely limits the software I can use (for example, GUIMiner only allows OpenCL). Is there a way that I can mine bitcoins without an OpenCL compatible CPU or GPU? ...

[index] [21903] [10853] [45355] [27902] [9658] [35] [27834] [43736] [47610] [26410]

Veja como minerar Bitcoin no PC em 2020! Tutorial NiceHash ...

how to fix error: no OpenCL devices - for fix this error download and install new driver for you videocard. Learn how to fix "No OpenCL Hardware Acceleration Detected" error in DaVinci Resolve while launching it. Here is the code: LsManager.3.NumGPUs = 1 LsManager.... Mining Bitcoin is as easy as installing the mining software on the PC you already own and clicking start. Anyone can do this and see the money start rolling ... pool.50btc.com:8332 01/10/2013 11:53:20, [Errno 10061] No connection could be made because the target machine actively refused it pool.50btc.com:8332 01/10/2013 11:53:21 , IO errors - 1, tolerance ... Veja como minerar Bitcoin no PC! Tutorial ATUALIZADO NiceHash Miner 2019/2020 para iniciantes Link: https://cryptotchaps.com/link/nicehash 🔔 Conheça o nosso ...

#